Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose emphasized upon students movements from his very adulthood. He could see through the fact that the students are the backbone of human race and the future of our society. The onus of reconstruction of the nation and society rests upon them. The students are the emissaries of a youthful life and the tor-bearers as well as sailors of a new and rejuvenated society and nation. While in Cuttack Bose was not only pre-occupied with studies, rather he was exposed to the versatility of life which engulfed service selfless service to the nation and society. He himself argued that service to society is instrumental to spiritual fertility. While in Ravenshaw School, Bose engaged himself in several charitable activities directed towards the have-nots of the society. His father Sir Janakinath Bose out of solicitor lodged his on in a students hotel so that he could concentrate upon his studies exclusively and is prevented from being directed towards external matters. However the father made a fertile attempt as even then Subhas used to elope in the mid night to satiate his philanthropic spirit. Such was his love and sympathy for the poor.
In 1911 in the month of August, it was under the sterwardship of Subhas that all arrangement were made in the Ravenshaw Collegiate School for the Soleman commenmoration of Khudiram’s martyrdom. Subhas was then only fourteen years old and belonged to standard nine. The day was observed with voluntary lavation and sincere prayers exbloc. Not only this, Khudirams sacrificial anecdote was inscribed on a stone block. Subhas’s bosom friend Sri Charu Chandra Ganguly substantiated the fact that the draft of the inscription was the brain-child of Bose. It was due to his convincing in the entire event that Sri Benimadhab, the Principal of the school was censured and transferred by the then government. During his school days Subhas used to reflect and discuss on the agonies and disgrace of political subservience to the British raj and enthused students to take active part in sports and body building. He often used to say that without healthy and sound body how the students, who are the harbingers of embryonic freedom would emancipate India from the clutches of British dominance.
So we could analyze the fact that Subhas disbelieved in the theory that Students should exclusively be embroiled with academic. Subhas argued that such theories are in essence meant for dissuading students from patriotic and philanthropic fervour. That academic prosperity and service to the nation and society can be a concomitant affair was substantiated by Bose by his scholastic achievements in his matriculation. It is noteworthy that Subhas could score commendable marks in the examination with conspicuously paltry studies. It is a great lesson for the student folk of today. They should follow the imprints of Bose who defused the myth that myth that academics and philanthropy are alienable. During his academic tenure, in the Presidency College, Subhas immersed into active Student Politics. He strived for the restoration of his nation integrity and honour even at the cost of his academic carrier. It was under his leadership that a two-day boycott programme was observed in the Presidency College in January 1916. Such a boycott in such an esteemed public institution created a nation-wide upheaval. This boycott was lodged against the roguish demeanour of professor Otten. Subhas, a self respectful student and youth could not put up with others attempt of dishonor. He prioritized the honour and sovereignty of his nation against anything in this world. Other again became an issue of agitation within a month in the college. This time also the movement was led by Subhas who could’nt compromise with other’s arrogance and western jingoism. But Subhas had to pay a greater price in return. He was expelled not only from his college but also from his University. He had to sacrifice two precious years of his academic career. So, we find in his instance too, Subhas’s active role in student politics for the cause of his nation and society.
Besides academic and politics Subhas also played the first fiddle in the foundation of a debating society, student union and also in the publication of a college magazine. He strived to unify the students and infuse awareness among them regarding the ongoing national problems and their befitting duties through the said media. In 1915, East Bengal was devoured by serious drought and deluge. He being the joint Secretary of concerned society toiled relentlessly towards amassing of funds for relief work in the affected area. The modern student associations can follow suit by such positive economic contribution to the naturally devastated and starved areas. In modern day society this sort of responsibility is more often sought for.
Subhas addressed on the Student Convention of Surma valley that – “our only striation should be towards self sacrifice at the altar of Mother-India. Such a process should initiate from student life”. According to Subhas the student life is the glorious seed time for intellectual, physical and spiritual reconstruction. In a nutshell such an inclusive growth would facilitate the harmonious Unfurlment of humanity.
According to Subhas the student bloc should combat uprightly against all sorts of inhumanity and highhandedness. This can be engineered only when the student society stands united. The student should realize that they are the future of the nation; they have the required protection to salvage the endangered nation and society. In this regard the students should inculcate self confidence in them. Subhas exemplified the said essence through his own life. Subhas’s dictum towards the students society has immense relevance in the presence era. Today the society is being debilitated from every nook and corners by the profusion of corruption and inhumanity, communalism, regionalism and myriad other divisive forces. The fresh student society can effectively address such anomalies.
According to Subhas the student folk has another grave responsibility – they have to resurrect the women, the under-developed sections which include the peasant as well as the labour class – they should be sensitized about their constitutional and human rights. The student society should be the ambassador for Pan-Indian implementation of freedom, parity and mandates of truth and humanity.
In his presidential address in the Lahore – Punjab Convention Subhas voiced for responsible and self confidence student movements. He said that Student Movement is double-ended. Firstly the students should become aware of the lapses of their own community and strive towards its repair. Secondly since the students represent the future citizens of the nation, so they should inculcate the clairvoyance of imminent problems besieging the society and try for their solution from their very student life. The students would have to diffuse the message of emancipation throughout the society. Emancipation here refers to independence that is equally valid for the society. Emancipation here refers to independence that is equally valid for the society irrespective of Sex, Social position and Majority – Minority dichotomy. Here emancipation insinuates freedom from socio-economic – politico disparity. It calls for a society and state free from all sorts of exploitation. To Subhas such a glorious emancipation can be engineered only by the student community.
It is remarkable to note that the proclamations of Subhas some 70 to 72 years back are equally relevant for to-days society. The modern student community has equal onus to fight for a society i.e. characterized by party, religious secularism, non-casteism and non-exploitation. If the present youngsters succeed in this national litmus – test, they only it would be an apt homage to the evergreen national hero i.e. Subhas Chandra Bose.